by Panagiotis Nikas, Founding Director of ZEUXIS, Athens
On 28th July, we celebrate the 70th anniversary of the Geneva Refugee Convention (the Convention). Its core concept is the protection of every human being who fears persecution because of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group or political opinion.
Non-refoulement is a legal obligation
In 1999, the EU, while planning the creation of a “Union of Freedom, Security and Justice”, expressed without reservations its commitment to the obligations of the Convention. This was included in the Council Conclusions (Tampere) in article 3: the common policies (for asylum and migration) must be based on principles which “…. offer guarantees to those who seek protection in or access to the European Union”.